Dog Warts And How to Treat Them
A dog that has warts can pass it on to other dogs, since they are infectious. Viral infections are the cause of warts, which are epidermis tumors. There are two main types of dog warts. The usual type is the one that infects old dogs. In most cases, they will become dangerous only if their size increases or if they become infected. Otherwise, they are benign. If the dog is younger, their health can get damaged.
The medical term for these wars is Canine viral papilloma. They will get from one dog to another through contact between them. These warts are cauliflower shaped and quite small. They can be found on the tongue, muzzle, lips and eyelids. Sometimes, they can also be found near the vulva or rectum. They will show up one or two months after the dog gets them.
In most cases, there are only a few warts and they are harmless. Old dogs will have the warts staying for a longer time, while young dogs will get rid of them as soon as the immune system manages to fight them off. In some cases, these warts will damage the health of the pet, giving them problems when eating or breathing.
Dog Warts Symptoms
1. Bad breath (Halitosis).
2. Too much salivating or drooling
3. Bleeding orally.
Dog Warts Diagnosis
Because they are pathognomonic and distinct, papillomas don’t need diagnostic testing. Still, sometimes they still need to be diagnosed, so that the infection depth and extent can be ascertained. This should also allow for the vet to realize how much was the health of the pet affected. There are two tests that are usually done for diagnosis
1. a CBC (complete blood count) test, a biochemical profile and a urinalysis are usually done for pets that feel discomforts because they can’t eat properly, are in poor health or don’t have any appetite.
2. a surgical biopsy, done only in some of the cases.
Dog Warts Treatments
Usually, you don’t need to do anything to treat these warts, as they will go away on their own. But, there are some cases where treatment should be done, like when the position of the warts gives the dog discomfort or when the owners ask for the warts to be removed.
The ways to treat these warts are:
1. Through surgery: electrocautery and cryosurgery are the two options when it comes to surgery for wart removal. The first one will be used to destroy the tissue by using liquid nitrogen. The second one uses laser.
2. The second option is to crush the papilloma, which should make the body create an immune response. This should help the pet regain his health and the warts should disappear.
3. After half a year of unsuccessful treatment, you can use systemic chemotherapy to try helping him in restoring his health.